There has been a huge increase in the size of cities. Many cities have grown in a haphazard way. Why is careful planning important in the development of cities? Write an essay.
Why is careful planning important in the development of cities
Increasing urbanization is a problem faced by world countries. It is an accepted fact that cities grown in a haphazard way are always a headache for the governments and hence there is the need for proper planning.
Firstly, cities are densely populated areas. Providing proper sanitation, shelter, transportation, and water is a tremendous task. New buildings appear almost every day and thousands flow into cities for education and employment. If there is no proper planning, the entire system of cities will collapse. For example, if residential areas are not located at a safe distance from commercial and industrialized areas, people will face the problem like air pollution and should pollution. Also, if commercial areas are not conveniently located and easily accessible to people, city life will lose its charm and life will become miserable.
Some other factors are transportation and sanitation. If the streets are not preplanned, they many remain narrow causing traffic congestion. Without a good sewerage system, wastewater many get logged leading to communicable diseases. Also, mosquitoes and other flies will increase uncontrollably making city life uncomfortable. In addition, there is the need to establish medical facilities and educational institution at a reasonable distance from people because these are all essential services.
For all these reasons, it becomes highly necessary to preplan the development of any city.